Kayak Instruction Excellence – Navigation Terms Notes

Navigation Notes and Terms

Kayak Instruction Excellence

Navigation Notes

Where you are, where you are going


Read direction

Discuss Error Sources

Read and plot a bearing

Declination – Angle of difference

-Magnetic to True + East

-True to Magnetic – E

Variation (same but on water)

Deviation – Influence of objects nearby

Parts – scale, needle, baseplate, houseing

Nav-aid, Grid Sheet

String (knotted, distance measure(hands, knuckles)

Tide tables, charts


Chart Number One

Plot a Course

Establish bearing – direction to landmark

Speed of travel, Use of check points

Piloting – Use known landmarks for references

-Bearings (direction to landmark) (take a bearing)

-Headings (direction boat is pointing) (what is your heading)

Follow a Course – Direction you want to go

Dead Reckoning – Position figured from speed and time using chart and compass

Triangulation – Three bearings, crossing

Transits/Navigational or Natural Range

-2 objects in a line, observe relation

Track = Actual

Distance Off – (Rate and Time)

Aiming off

-(aim above destination with ferry angle)

Rules of the Road

Boat Traffic, shipping lanes, small boat
channels, group tactics, visibility,
legal rules of road.

As a kayaker, be a defensive driver!

Speed made good.

Compass heads to magnetic, we use magnetic ring on chart.

Longitude lines are oriented true

Chart reading:

Distance, direction, depth, coastal features,
navigational aides, traffic lanes, fathoms or feet.

One degree = Sixty nautical

One minute latidude = one nautical mile

1.15 Mile = One minute = Sixty seconds

Water depth – One fathom = Six Feet

Depth curves – soundings, shoals

Contour lines

Names, places, human made features

Shoreline composition

Lights – FL(2) 30s Rm 21m Horn(2) 60s
Color, Frequency, Height, Noise


Buoys (color, shape, numbering, light)

Red right return


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and Brochure
. (PDF)

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Deposits are required for each course. If an attendee cancels
within two weeks prior to the course, we will refund all but
$50.00 kept for processing. After two weeks no refund will occur
due to scheduling of instructors, rooms and other costs associated
with logistics.
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Kayak Instruction Excellence (KIX)